↑ 1.01.11.21.22.214.171.124.71.81.9Grande, L. and W.E. Bemis (1998) A comprehensive phylogentic study of amiid fishes (Amiidae) based on comparative skeletal anatomy. An empirical search for interconnected patterns of natural history., Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir 4:i-x, 1-690; supplement to Journal of Vetrebrate Paleontology.
↑ 2.02.12.22.3Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman (1973) Freshwater fishes of Canada., Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2002) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of August 2002., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.
↑Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr (1991) A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico., Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p.