↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2005) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of May 2005., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in May 2005.
↑Kailola, P.J. (1991) The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. III. Gobiidae to Molidae., Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 153 p.
↑Allen, G.R. (1991) Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea., Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea.