Kinaiyahan sa Pilipinas

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Ang kinaiyahan sa Pilipinas maoy diberso.

Bohol[usba | edit source]

Tala sa plora sa Bohol[usba | edit source]

Payl:Bohol.jpg
Bohol, Philippines from Google Earth

Hardwood and other tree species[usba | edit source]

  1. abihíd
  2. Acacia - Rain tree;Samanea saman Merr.; Other scientific names: Mimosa saman Jacq.; Inga saman Willd.; Pithecolobium saman Benth.; Enterolobium saman Prain
  3. almáciga - Agathis philippinensis
  4. bagakay
  5. Bagalñga (C. Bis.) - Lygodium japonicum; Paraiso
  6. bago
  7. balete - Indian rubber tree; Ficus elastica
  8. bánaba - Lagerstroemia speciosa; Queen's Flower or Crepe Myrtle and the Pride of India;
  9. bangkaw - Nauclea junghuhnii; bangkal Other scientific names: Sarcocephalus horsfeldii; Sarcocephalus junghuhnii
  10. Batinô - Alstonia macrophylla
  11. bitaóg - Calophyllkum blancoi; Calophyllum wallichianum Vidal
  12. bujangjang - Prayer beads; Arbus precatorius Linn.; saga
  13. bulí - Corypha elata Roxb.; buri
  14. kawayan - Bambusa spinosa; Bambusa vulgaris
  15. dapdap - Erythrina variegata Linn. var. orientalis (Linn.); Indian coal tree
  16. Date palm - Palmae
  17. dorol - also called doldol; kapok (Tag.) ; Ceiba pentandra
  18. Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus globulus
  19. Gemilina - Gmelina arborea
  20. Ipil-ipil - Leucaena glauca Linn.
  21. lauaan - Diptecarpus thurifer
  22. lubí - niyógCoconut - Cocos nucifera
  23. madre de cacao - kakawate; Gliricidia sepium
  24. mahogany - Philippine Mahogany; Swietenia mahagoni (Meliaceae)
  25. mangga - Mango; Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae); Bohol mangga
  26. mangrove- Rhizopora mangle; red mangrove; pagatpat; manggal
  27. mangrove - Avicennia nitida; black mangrove
  28. mangrove - Sonneratia
  29. mangrove -Brugiera; red mangrove
  30. mangrove - bakhawan babae; bakhawan lalake
  31. mangrove - piyapî
  32. mangrove - piyag-aw; bigî or tabigi; Xylocarpus moluccensis
  33. mangrove - Bigî (Tagb.); Xylocarpus granatum
  34. maribojoc - agoho; Casuarina equisitofolia
  35. molave - Vitex parviflora; tugás
  36. narra - Philippine cedar; Pterocarpus indicus; Pterocarpus santalinus
  37. Neem tree - Azadirachta indica
  38. ninô or linô - Indian mulberry; Morinda citrifolia; apatot (noni juice)
  39. nipâ - Nypa fruticans; nipâ palm
  40. nitô - Lygodium japonicum
  41. oliva - olive; Cycas revoluta
  42. pitogo - Cycas
  43. papuwá - annato; Bixa orellana Linn.; suetes; "atsuete
  44. rattan - Calamus
  45. Rubber Tree - Ficus elastica (Euphorbiaceae)
  46. teak - Philippine teak; Tectona philippinensis
  47. tipó - Antipolo; Artocarpus blancoi Merr.
  48. talisay - Terminalia catappa; almond
  49. yakál - Dipterocarpus plagutus

Note: very highly regulated species in the Philippines: lauaan, narra, Philippine mahogany

Fruit Trees/Plants[usba | edit source]

  1. alibangbang - Bauhinia malabarica; butterfly-shaped leaves from a tree used for souring
  2. atis- Annona squamosa L.; sweetsop, sugar apple or custard apple
  3. atis - sugar apple; Annona squamosa Linn.; anonas
  4. Avocado - Persea americana; avocado
  5. balingbing - Star fruit; Averrhoa carambola Linn.; also Averrhoa pentandra Blanco
  6. batuan - Garcinia morella, a small sour green fruit with a large seed
  7. bayabas - Guava; Psidium guajava
  8. boongon - pomelo; Citrus maxima
  9. bugnay - Antidesma bunius Linn.; bignay
  10. [cacao]] - Theobroma cacao
  11. kapeng barako - Philippine coffee; Coffea arabica; Coffea canephora or C. robusta
  12. kaimito - caimito; Chrysophyllum caninito Linn.; star apple
  13. chico - Achras sapota Linn.; Sapota achras Mill.; Sapota zapotilla Coville
  14. chico- Manilkara zapote, a brown sweet fruit with black seeds
  15. Chinese holly
  16. Curcuma domestica, turmeric
  17. dayáp - Citrus aurantifolia, lime
  18. duhat - Syzygium kumini, Java plum
  19. durian - Durio zybethinus
  20. granada - Punica granatum; Pomegranate
  21. guyabano - Soursop; Annona muricata Linnaeus or A. muricata L. (Annonaceae); guyabano
  22. ibâ - Averrhoa bilimbi; kamias
  23. joló; koló - bread fruit ; Artocarpus altilis
  24. kamátsile - Pithecellobium dulce, kamachille, Madras thorn fruit
  25. kapayas or kapajas - Papaya; Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae)
  26. kasúy - Anacardium occidentale, cashew
  27. lanzones - Lansium domesticum
  28. lemoncito - Citrus microcarpa; kalamansi
  29. lemoncito - Citrus madurensis, a small lime indigenous to the Philippines; also called Chinese orange, Panama orange
  30. linga - Sesamum indicum
  31. lomboy - Black plum; Syzgium cumini; duhat in Tagalog
  32. macopa
  33. mangga - mango ; Mangifera indica (carabao, pajo)
  34. manzanitas - datiles; ratiles; Muntingia calabura; a little cherry-like wild fruit
  35. marang - Artocarpus odoratissima
  36. nangkâ - Jackfruit; Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.; langkâ
  37. orange - Citrus aurantium; local orange; dalandan in Tagalog
  38. orange - Mandarin orange; Citrus reticulata
  39. orange - tangerine orange; Citrus nobilis ;dalandan
  40. orange -local lemon or lime - Citrus; dayap in Tagalog
  41. orange - Citrus medica
  42. passion fruit - Passiflora incarnata
  43. pili nut - Canarium ovatum
  44. pinya or pinja - Pineapple; Ananas comosus
  45. saging tundan - Banana; Musa; (Musaceae)
  46. Saging sab-a - Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  47. Saging cavendish; Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  48. Saging senyorita; Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  49. Saging morado
  50. sambag - Tamarindus indicus; tamarind; sampalok
  51. Santol - Sandoricum koetjape Merr.
  52. siriguelas; sineguelas in Visayan or sigarilyas in Tagalog
  53. suwâ-suwâ - Triphasia trifolia P. Wils.
  54. tambis - Syzygium malaccense; Malay Apple; Tersana Rose Apple
  55. tisâ
  56. Tree fern -Cyathea spp.
  57. watermelon - Curcubita citrullus Linn.; also Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.; pakwan

Mga utanon[usba | edit source]

  1. ahos - Garlic; Allium sativum; bawang
  2. Alugbati - Malabar nightshade; Basilia rubra Linn.
  3. batong - string beans; Bataw; Dolichos labiab Linn.
  4. carrot - karot; Daucus carota L.
  5. kabasâ - kalabasâ; squash; Cucurbita maxima Duchesne; Curcubita sulcata Blanco
  6. kamatis - Tomato; Solanum lycopersicum or Lycopersicum esculentum
  7. kamunggaymalunggay; Moringa oleifera
  8. katuray - Sesbania grandiflora, a white flower used in salads
  9. kinstsay - Apium graveolens, Chinese celery
  10. kolis - Pisonia alba, lettuce tree, also called maluko in Tagalog
  11. kulitis - Amaranthus viridis, slender amaranth
  12. kundol - Benicasa hispida; wax gourd
  13. kutsay - Allium odorum; Chinese chives
  14. Lagundî; Vitex negundo
  15. laurel - Antidesma bunius; Chinese laurel
  16. luy-a - ginger; Zingiber officinale; luya
  17. munggos - munggo; Phaseolus aureus; green mung bean
  18. mustasa - Brassica juncea v. integrifola; mustard greens
  19. okra - Abelmoschus escuclentus Linn.; also Hibiscus esculentis Linn.
  20. pandan -Pandanus odoratissimus; screw pine
  21. paliyá or palijá - Bitter melon; Momordica charantia; Ampalaya
  22. patola - Luffa cylindrica; sponge gourd
  23. patola - Luffa acutangula; Loofah
  24. pechay - Brassica chinesis; pakchoy; bokchoy
  25. pipino - cucumber; Cucumis sativus
  26. pipino - Cucumber; zuchinni; Cucurbita pepo
  27. radish; Raphanus
  28. repolyo - cabbage; Brassica oleracea
  29. saluyot - Corchorus olitorius; Jew's mallow
  30. sayote - Sechium edule; chayote; mirliton pear
  31. sibuyas bombay - Onion; Allium cepa
  32. sibuyas dahon - Allium sativum
  33. sili - Capsicum annuum; chili
  34. sili'ng kulikot - Capsicum frutescens; siling labuyo; Cayenne
  35. sili- pepper; Solanum capsicum (Solanaceae)
  36. singkamas - Pachyrrhizus erosus; yambean
  37. tangkong - Ipomoea aquatica, swamp cabbage, also called potato vine
  38. tangkong - kangkong; Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.; potato vine
  39. tawong - talong; eggplant - Solanum melongena
  40. Ocimum sanctum - holy basil
  41. upo - Lagenaria leucantha; bottle gourd
  42. Corindrium sativum - coriander leaf

Flowering plants[usba | edit source]

  1. adelfa - Oleander; South sea rose; Nerium indicum Mill.; Neroum oleander Blanco; Nerium odorum Soland.
  2. alas kuwatro
  3. antuwanga - Gumamela; Hibiscus; China Rose; Shoeflower; [[Hibiscus rosa sinensis]
  4. Asparagus (genus) - Green fern, for bouquets; Asparagus plumosus
  5. Aster (flower)
  6. bahug-bahug - Vernonia cinerea; bulak-manok; Billy Goat Weed
  7. banaba - para sa ihi2
  8. bangka-bangkaan - Rhoeo discolor
  9. Bird of Paradise (plant) - Strelitzia reginae
  10. bombay kalachuchi
  11. bombil - bougainvillea; Bougainvillea
  12. Bromeliad
  13. bunga - Areca nut; Areca catechu; Areca alba (lubi lubi)
  14. caballero - peacock flower; Caesalpinia pulcherrima Linn.; bulaklak ng paraiso
  15. ComfreySymphytum officinale L (tambal sa nuka)
  16. cosmos - Cosmos (flower)
  17. cosmos (bahô) - Tagetes erecta
  18. Chrysanthemum (mums) - Chrysanthemum sinense; manzanilla
  19. Daisy
  20. Dancing lady
  21. Dandelion- Taraxacum officinale Weber; Leontodon taraxacum Linn.; Taraxacum dens-leonis Desf.
  22. Dendrobium
  23. duranta - "Duranta repens Linn."; golden duranta
  24. Ginseng
  25. Ground orchids
  26. ilang ilang - also known as Ylang-ylang; Cananga odorata
  27. Japanese rose - Rosa rugosa
  28. kalachuchi - frangipani; Plumeria; Plumiera rubra
  29. kataká-taká - Kalanchoe pinnata; also, Bryophyllum pinnatum
  30. kalanchoe - Kalanchoe sp.
  31. kamantigi - mantigi; Touch me not; Impatiens balsamina
  32. kutsaritas - Althernanthera sp.; (Amaranthaceae)
  33. kulitis - Amaranthus spinosus; uray
  34. kumintang - also tsitsirika; rosy periwinkle; Catharanthus roseus
  35. lirio - Crinum latifolim Linn.
  36. Maiden’s hair
  37. Marigold - Calendula
  38. mayana or majanaColeus sp.; Coleus blumei
  39. Million flower
  40. pamintâ - Piper nigrum; black pepper
  41. pandong pandong - Celosia cristata Linn.; cock's comb
  42. Paragayo - san francisco
  43. Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima
  44. quiapo - kiapo; water cabbage; Pistia stratiotes
  45. rosál - Gardenia jasminioides; Gardenia
  46. rose - Rose; Genus: Rosa
  47. sabilaAloe vera
  48. sagisi - Anahaw
  49. sagusahis – used as sandpaper for desks
  50. sampaguita - Jasmine; Jasminum sambac Linn.
  51. santal ?
  52. santanIxora sp.
  53. sunflower - Helianthus annuus
  54. tsampaka - Michelia champaca
  55. Verbena - Verbena officinalis
  56. violeta - bayolota; violets; Viola odorata L.
  57. waling-waling- Vanda
  58. yellow bell - kampanilya; Allamanda cathartica

Bohol endemic species[usba | edit source]

  1. Arygyreia boholensis (Convolvulaceae)
  2. Blumea stenophylla (Labiatae)
  3. Dendrocalamus sp.- large bamboos; kawayan
  4. Dischidias (Asclepiadaceae)
  5. Hoyas
  6. Imperata cylindrica
  7. Ixora littoralis (Rubiaceae)
  8. Macrosolena mcgregorii (Loranthaceae)
  9. Saccharum spontaneum
  10. Several Compositae
  11. lukdo - ferns

Source: [1]

Grasses/Herbs/Weeds[usba | edit source]

  1. abacá - Musa textilis; Manila Hemp
  2. acapulco - Cassia alata
  3. amor seco - Love grass; Andropogon aciculatus
  4. Bahô-bahô- Utot-utot; koronitas; kantutay; Lantana camara
  5. bilâ bilâ - Eleusine indica L.; dog's tail; wire grass
  6. bugáng - talahib; Saccharum spontaneum
  7. butones butones - Cyperus rotundus
  8. cogon - kogon; Imperata cylindrica
  9. Euphorbia hirta Linn.
  10. fern 1 - Athyrium esculentum; pako
  11. fern 2 - bird's nest fern; Asplenium nidus Linn.
  12. fern 3 - Drynaria quercifolia Linn.
  13. Gulasiman - Portulaca olearacea (Linn.); Purslane
  14. Hibî-hibîmakahiya; Mimosa pudica
  15. humay - rice; Oryza sativa; palay
  16. Kana (Bis.) - Cardiospermum halicacabum; HEART PEA; BALLOON VINE
  17. Kanding-kanding - Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
  18. maís - corn
  19. Oregano - Origanum vulgare; Wild Marjoram, Mountain Mint, Origanum, Wintersweet and Winter Marjoram
  20. oregano - Coleus aromaticus Benth.
  21. peppermint - Clinopodium douglasii
  22. Quisqualis indica - Chinese honeysuckle; "niyog-niyogan"
  23. sábila - Aloe Vera; Aloe barbadensis Miller Liquid
  24. Sambong- Blumea camphora ; Blumea balsamifera L.
  25. sinaw sinaw or sida sida - Ulasimang Bato; Peperomia pellucida]]; pansit-pansitan
  26. tangad - lemon grass; Andropogon citratus ; tanglad; Cymbopogon
  27. tawá tawá - Euphorbia hirta; boto-botonis; gatas-gatas
  28. tubó - sugar cane; Saccharum
  29. Tubá-tubá - Jatropha curcas; also known as Tubang Bakod in Tagalog; Physic Nut in English or interchangeably tubá-tubá or Jatropha (Tuba-Tuba Plant Seeds (Jatropha) to Bio-diesel Fuel)
  30. Wild Tea - Ehretia microphylla Lam; Tsaang Gubat
  31. Yerba Buena - Mentha spicata

Root crops[usba | edit source]

  1. balanghoy - Cassava; Manihot esculenta Crantz; kamoteng kahoy
  2. camote - Sweet potatoes; Ipomoea batatas
  3. gabi - taro; Colocasia esculenta Linn.
  4. patatas - potatoes; Solanum tuberosum
  5. singkamas - Pachyrrhizus erosus Linn.
  6. Ube kinampay - purple yam; Dioscorea alata
  7. Ube- yam; Dioscorea alata
  8. other cash crops

Seaweeds[usba | edit source]

  1. Acetabularia
  2. ambáng
  3. Chlorella
  4. Codium fragile
  5. eelgrasses - seagrasses; thalasia
  6. guaman - Gracilaria compressa
  7. gusô - Eucheuma spinosum
  8. kelp - Macrocystis
  9. Laminaria
  10. latôCaulerpa racemosa
  11. Laurencia
  12. lukót
  13. Porphyra
  14. SamôSargassum
  15. Ulothrix
  16. Ulva - sea lettuce

Gallery of some Bohol Flora[usba | edit source]

Tala sa pawna sa Bohol[usba | edit source]

Mga mamipero[usba | edit source]

  1. baka - Philippine cow; Bos taurus
  2. Baboy ihás - baboy damó; wild boar; Sus scrofa
  3. bóngcaras - sea cow; Dugong dugon
  4. Dugong - manatee; Trichechus Linnaeus, 1758
  5. kabaw - kalabaw; Philippine carabao; Bubalus bubalis carabanesis
  6. mawmag, mamag, tarsius - Philippine Tarsier; Tarsius syrichta
  7. uwák - Philippine crow; Corvus
  8. Kwaknit or kabog - bats ; order Chiroptera
  9. Kagwang - Flying lemur
  10. Sigbinkangaroo ?
  11. unggoy - monkey; macaque; Philippine monkey; Macaca philippinensis
  12. milô - Philippine civet cat?
  13. Monkeys
  14. monitor lizards
  15. snakes - python and cobra
  16. macock
  17. musang - palm civet cat; Paradoxorus hermaphroditus
  18. Philippine civet cat - Paradoxorus philippinensis

Annelid[usba | edit source]

  1. alimátok - Leech; Hirudo medicinalis
  2. earthworm; Lumbricus terrestris

Arthropods[usba | edit source]

  1. Centipede Class Chilopoda
  2. labód- Millipede ; Class Diplopoda

Mga reptil[usba | edit source]

  1. Python; Python reticulatus; reticulated python
  2. iyón or iwón – Philippine Turtle; Chelonia
  3. hassnake
  4. baksan
  5. hawobayawak; monitor lizard; Varanus salvator
  6. Tikî or tabilí – house lizard;
  7. TukôGecko gecko

Mga langgam[usba | edit source]

  1. Antolihaw - damodlaw; Oriole; Oriulus chinensis
  2. Tamsi
  3. Tocmo
  4. iling
  5. maya
  6. PaboTurkey; Meleagris gallopavo
  7. itik - duck
  8. Pato - Duck
  9. Gansa - Geese
  10. AgilaPhilippine eagle; Pithecophaga jefferyi
  11. Uwák - crow; Corone philippina
  12. City birds
  13. salampati or pati - Dove
  14. Pigeon
  15. Alimokón
  16. Kuwagô – Philippine owl; Bubo bubo
  17. Manok bisaya - native chicken; Gallus gallus domesticus
  18. sunóy - rooster
  19. Manok ugís
  20. serpent eagle
  21. brahmini kite
  22. woodpecker
  23. rocky-tailed blue-headed parrot
  24. grass owl
  25. scoop owl
  26. bubock pigeon
  27. water cock
  28. parakeets
  29. reel

Mga insekto[usba | edit source]

  1. alibangbang - butterfly
  2. lamókmosquito
  3. langawflies
  4. uk-okcockroach; ipis (Tag.)
  5. amigas or hulmigas – red ants; langgam(Tag.)
  6. sum - black ants (read soom)
  7. atitud – small ants
  8. anaywhite ants
  9. aninipot - Fireflies
  10. don don or lukton - grasshopper
  11. buyóg or bujog - bees
  12. gangis - cricket
  13. beetle
  14. putyukan or putjukan - honey bees

Mga isda[usba | edit source]

  1. andohaw
  2. bakasí
  3. bakáy
  4. baksawan
  5. banák - family magulidae, mullet
  6. bangsi
  7. bangúsmilkfish; Chanos chanos
  8. barilis - Neothunnus macropterus; yellowfin Tuna
  9. bawô
  10. bolinaw
  11. botete
  12. burot burot
  13. dalág - Ophicephalus striatus, Murrel
  14. danggit - Siganid
  15. hasâ hasâ
  16. isdâ sa bató
  17. ketong
  18. kujóg
  19. lapulapu - Family Serranidae ; Grouper
  20. malasugí
  21. mansi
  22. molmol
  23. pantat
  24. pómpano
  25. samín samín
  26. sugí
  27. sunghan
  28. tambasakan
  29. tangigue
  30. tilapia - Tilapia; Tilapia zili
  31. tulingan
  32. tuna
  33. blue marlin
  34. mackerel
  35. salmon
  36. silver sea bass - Lates calcarifer;
  37. Goby
  38. sea catfish - Family Ariidae
  39. wrasse - Family Labridae
  40. silver perch - Datnia plumbea
  41. pakol
  42. lapad-lapad
  43. budboron

Note:

  • bijud sa isda - fish eggs: caviar
  • sanga is banned
  • tangkig - dwarf anaconda (sea)

Freshwater fish[usba | edit source]

  1. ibísguppy
  2. kasili
  3. anga

Mollusks (Shellfish)[usba | edit source]

Univalves[usba | edit source]
  1. Saáng
  2. Chambered Nautilus
  3. bugyong
  4. buskaycowry; Cypraea; varieties: Tiger cowry; Golden cowry
  5. cones - Conus
Bivalves[usba | edit source]
  1. bebe
  2. imbaw
  3. tuway
  4. aninikád
  5. dawo-dawo
  6. Amahóng or tahóng - green bay mussels Perna viridus (affected by tide)
  7. oyster; Crassostrea gigas
  8. clams
  9. giant clams
  10. abalone
  11. scallops

Sea animals[usba | edit source]

  1. bóngcarassea cow
  2. iho - shark
  3. Whale shark; Rhincodon typus
  4. lumód - Dolphin;
  5. dugong - Manatee; Dugong dugon
  6. pawikan - Sea turtle
  7. paguemanta ray
  8. bat or bat tulî - sea cucumber; Holothuria
  9. lambay – big Crabs
  10. kasag - small crabs
  11. agukoyfiddler crab; Uca sp.
  12. pasayan - sapayan; also sapajan; shrimp
  13. lukón - prawn
  14. nukos - Squid;
  15. amûpô - Octopus;
  16. crabs - Genus Portunus
  17. nipâ nipâ - crablets
  18. sugâ sugâ - crablets
  19. Lobster
  20. Tangkigan
  21. Taklâ- crayfish
  22. Brittle stars; Ophiurida
  23. Sand dollars
  24. Starfish - A. typicus
  25. tuyóm or tujóm - sea urchins; Diadema
  26. swakê -
  27. blue crab
  28. mud crab
  29. uwáng - Ustacidae, crayfish;
  30. uwáng - Macrobrachium rosenbergii, giant freshwater prawn
  31. sunlutan

Exotic species[usba | edit source]

  1. Kuhól – golden apple snail; Ampullaria cuprina

Gallery of Bohol Fauna[usba | edit source]

Gallery Philippine Tarsier[usba | edit source]

Mga reperensya[usba | edit source]

  1. Bohol Island Herbarium www.pnh.com.ph Retrieved 14 November, 2006.