Phenacoccus manihoti

Gikan sa Wikipedia, ang gawasnong ensiklopedya
Phenacoccus manihoti
Siyentipiko nga klasipikasyon
Ginharian: Animalia
Punoan: Arthropoda
Ilalum punoan: Hexapoda
Klase: Insecta
Matang: Hemiptera
Labaw pamilya: Coccoidea
Pamilya: Pseudococcidae
Henero: Phenacoccus
Kaliwatan: Phenacoccus manihoti
Siyentipikong ngalan
Phenacoccus manihoti
Matile-Ferrero, 1977


Phenacoccus manihoti[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46] maoy kaliwatan sa insekto nga gihulagway ni Matile-ferrero ni adtong 1977. Ang Phenacoccus manihoti kay sakop sa henero nga Phenacoccus, ug pamilya nga Pseudococcidae.[47][48] Walay nalista nga matang nga sama niini.[47]


Ang mga gi basihan niini[usba | edit source]

  1. Matile-Ferrero, D. (1977) Une cochenille nouvelle nuisible au manioc en Afrique Équatoriale, {Phenacoccus manihoti} n. sp. (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Pseudoccidae)., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France
  2. Ben-Dov, Y. (1994) A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance.,
  3. Williams, D.J. & Granara de Willink, M.C. (1992) Mealybugs of Central and South America.,
  4. Marotta, S. & Tranfaglia, A. (1995) Variability of morphological characters and its use in the systematics of mealybugs (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae)., Israel Journal of Entomology
  5. Williams, D.J. & Miller, D.R. (1999) Two new genera and species of mealybugs (Hemiptera : Coccoidea : Pseudococcidae) that produce plant galls., Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
  6. Moore, D. (1988) Agents used for biological control of mealybugs (Pseudococcidae)., Biocontrol News & Information
  7. Neuenschwander, P. (1993) Human interactions in classical biological control of Cassava and Mango mealybugs on subsistence farms in tropical Africa.,
  8. Agricola, U. & Fischer, H.U. (1991) Hyperparasitism in 2 newly introduced parasitoids, {Epidinocarsis lopezi} and {Gyranusoidea tebygi} (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) after their establishment in Togo., Bulletin of Entomological Research
  9. Tsacas, L. & Chassagnard, M. (1999) [Afrotropical species of the subgenus {Gitonides} Kalb of the genus {Cacoxenus} Loew with larvae predatory on mealybugs (Diptera: Drosophilidae).], Annales de la Société Entomologique de France
  10. James, B.C. (1987) The cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti} Mat-Ferr (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Sierra Leone: a survey., Tropical Pest Management
  11. Herren, H.R. & Neuenschwander, P. (1991) Biological control of cassava pests in Africa., Annual Review of Entomology
  12. Hennessey, R.D., Neuenschwander, P. & Muaka, T. (1990) Spread and current distribution of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), in Zaire., Tropical Pest Management
  13. Hammond, W.N.O., Neuenschwander, P. & Herren, H.R. (1987) Impact of the exotic parasitoid {Epidinocarsis lopezi} on cassava mealybug ({Phenacoccus manihoti}) populations., Insect Science and its Application
  14. Hammond, W.N.O. & Neuenschwander, P. (1990) Sustained biological control of the cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Hom.: Pseudococcidae) by {Epidinocarsis lopezi} (Hym.: Encyrtidae) in Nigeria., Entomophaga
  15. Gutierrez, A.P., Wermelinger, B., Schulthess, F., Baumgaertner, J.U., Herren, H., Ellis, C.K. & Yaninek, J.S. (1988) Analysis of biological control of cassava pests in Africa. I. Simulation of carbon, nitrogen and water dynamics in cassava., Journal of Applied Ecology
  16. Gutierrez, A.P., Neuenschwander, P., Schulthess. F., Herren. H.R., Baumgaertner, J.U., Wermelinger, B. & Lohr-B; Ellis, C.K. (1988) Analysis of biological control of cassava pests in Africa. II. Cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti}., Journal of Applied Ecology
  17. Ayanru, D.K.G. (1987) Effects of mealybug ({Phenacoccus manihoti}) infestation on cassava yield components and plant tissue quality., Der Tropenlandwirt, Zeitschrift für die Landwirtschaft in den Tropen und Subtropen
  18. Goergen, G. & Neuenschwander, P. (1992) A cage experiment with four trophic levels: cassava plant growth as influenced by cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti}, its parasitoid {Epidinocarsis lopezi}, and the hyperparasitoids {Prochiloneurus insolitus} and {Chartocerus hyalipennis}., Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz
  19. Goergen, G. (1992) [Biology and importance of native African hyperparasitoids of {Epidinocarsis lopezi} (De Santis), an introduced parasitoid of the introduced cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti} Matile-Ferrero)], Justus Liebigs Universitat Giessen
  20. Giordanengo, P. & Nénon, J.P. (1990) Melanization and encapsulation of eggs and larvae of {Epidinocarsis lopezi} by its host {Phenacoccus manihoti}; effects of superparasitism and egg laying patterns., Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
  21. Fabres, G. & Matile-Ferrero, D. (1980) [Entomophages associated with the coccinellid of manioc, {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Pseudococcidae) in the Congo: 1. Components of the entomocenosis and their interrelations.], Annales de la Société Entomologique de France
  22. Fabres, G. & Boussiengue, J. (1981) Bioecologie de la cochenille du manioc ({Phenacoccus manihoti} Hom. Pseudococcidae) en Republique Populaire du Congo. I. Cycle evolutif et parametres biologiques., Agronomie Tropicale. Nogent-sur-Marne
  23. Fabres, G. (1989) ['Carrying capacity' and the regulation of phytophagous insects: the example of the Cassava Mealybug in the Congo.] Influence de la 'capacite limite' dans la regulation de l'abondance d'un phytophage: le cas de la Cochenille du Manioc au Congo., Bulletin de la Societe zoologique de France
  24. Fabres, G. (1981) Premier quantification du phenomene de gradation des populations de {Phenacoccus manihoti} Matile-Ferrero (Hom. Pseudococcidae) en Republique Populaire du Congo., Agronomie
  25. Fabres, G. (1981) Entomophagous insects associated with the cassava mealybug in Congo., Tropical Pest Management
  26. Fabres, G. (1981) Dynamics of cassava mealybug populations in the People's Republic of Congo., Proceedings of the 1st Triennial Root Crop Symposium, International Society of Tropical Root Crops
  27. Dreyer, B.S., Neuenschwander, P., Bouyjou, B., Baumgartner, J. & Dorn, S. (1997) The influence of temperature on the life table of {Hyperaspis notata}., Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
  28. Dreyer, B.S., Neuenschwander, P., Baumgartner, J. & Dorn, S. (1997) Trophic influences on survival, development and reproduction of {Hyperaspis notata} (Col., Coccinellidae)., Journal of Applied Entomology
  29. Cudjoe, A.R., Neuenschwander, P. & Copland, M.J.W. (1993) Interference by ants in biological control of the cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Ghana., Bulletin of Entomological Research
  30. Cudjoe, A.R., Neuenschwander, P. & Copland, M.J.W. (1992) Experimental determination of the efficiency of indigenous and exotic natural enemies of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} Mat.-Ferr. (Hom., Pseudococcidae), in Ghana., Journal of Applied Entomology
  31. Chakupurakal, J., Markham, R.H., Neuenschwander, M.S., Malambo, C., Mulwanda, D., Banda, E., Chalabesa, A., Bird, T. & Haug, T. (1994) Biological control of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae)., Biological Control
  32. Yaninek, J.S. & Schulthess, F. (1993) Developing an environmentally sound plant protection for cassava in Africa., Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
  33. Williams, D.J., Cox, J.M. & Yaseen, M. (1981) The cassava mealybug and its parasites in Paraguay and Bolivia., Biocontrol News and Information
  34. Tertuliano, M., Doussougbete, S. & Leru, B. (1993) Antixenotic and antibiotic components of resistance to the Cassave mealybug {Phenacoccus-manihoti} (Homoptera, Pseudococcidae) in various host-plants., Insect Science and its Application
  35. Staubli Dreyer, B., Baumgartner, J., Neuenschwander, P. & Dorn, S. (1997) The functional responses to two {Hyperaspis notata} strains to their prey, the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti}., Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft
  36. Schulthess, F., Baumgartner, J.U., Delucchi, V. & Gutierrez, A.P. (1991) The influence of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} Mat.-Ferr. (Hom., Pseudococcidae) on yield formation of cassava, {Manihot esculenta} Crantz., Journal of Applied Entomology
  37. Razafindrakoto, C., da Ponte, J.J., de Andrade, N.C., Silveira Filho, J. & Pimentel Gomes, F. (1999) [Manipueira and heat treatment for the treatment of cassava cuttings attacked by scale insects.] Manipueira e termoterapia no tratamento de estacas de mandioca atacadas por cochonilhas., Revista de Agricultura Piracicaba
  38. Neuenschwander, P., Hammond, W.N.O., Gutierrez, A.P., Cudjoe, A.R., Adjakloe, R., Baumgartner, J.U. & Regev, U. (1989) Impact assessment of the biological control of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), by the introduced parasitoid {Epidinocarsis lopezi} (De Santis) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae)., Bulletin of Entomological Research
  39. Neuenschwander, P., Borowka, R., Phiri, G., Hammans, H., Nyirenda, S., Kapeya, E.H. & Gadabu, A. (1991) Biological control of the cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Hom., Pseudococcidae) by {Epidinocarsis lopezi} (Hym., Encyrtidae) in Malawi., Biocontrol Science and Technology
  40. Neuenschwander, P. & Herren, H.R. (1988) Biological control of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti}, by the exotic parasitoid {Epidinocarsis lopezi} in Africa., Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  41. Neuenschwander, P. & Hammond, W.N.O. (1988) Natural enemy activity following the introduction of {Epidinocarsis lopezi} (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) against the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), in southwestern Nigeria., Environmental Entomology
  42. Lohr, B., Varela, A.M. & Santos, B. (1990) Exploration for natural enemies of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti} (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), in South America for the biological control of this introduced pest in Africa., Bulletin of Entomological Research
  43. Le Ru, B. & Mitsipa, A. (2000) Influence of the host plant of the cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti} on life-history parameters of the predator {Exochomus flaviventris}., Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
  44. Le Ru, B. & Iziquel, Y. (1990) [New observations on the epizootiology of {Neozygites fumosa} in populations of the cassava mealybug {Phenacoccus manihoti}.] Nouvelles donnees sur le deroulement de la mycose a {Neozygites fumosa} sur la cochenille du manioc {Phenacoccus manihoti}., Entomaphaga
  45. Le Ru, B. & Iziquel, Y. (1990) [An experimental study, with the aid of a rain simulator, of the mechanical effect of rainfall on populations of the cassava mealybug, {Phenacoccus manihoti}.], Acta Ecologica / Ecologia Applicata
  46. Langenbach, G.E.J. & Van Alphen, J.J.M. (1987) Searching behavior of {Epidinocarsis lopezi} (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) on cassava: effect of leaf topography and a kairomone produced by its host, the cassava mealy bug ({Phenacoccus manihoti})., Netherlands Zoological Society
  47. 47.0 47.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.. Species 2000: Reading, UK.. Retrieved on 24 september 2012.
  48. ScaleNet: Systematic Database of the Scale Insects of the World. Ben-Dov Y. & Miller D.R., 2004-12-05