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This article is about the Catholic Church. For popes of the Coptic Orthodox Church, see List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria. For popes of the Legio Maria, see List of Legio Maria Popes. For Palmarian popes, see Palmarian Catholic Church § Popes. For a graphical representation of this list, see List of Popes (graphical).

Plantilya:Use dmy dates

Plaque commemorating the popes buried in St Peter's (their names in Latin and the year of their burial)

This chronological list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani" (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes. Published every year by the Roman Curia, the Annuario Pontificio attaches no consecutive numbers to the popes, stating that it is impossible to decide which side represented at various times the legitimate succession, in particular regarding Pope Leo VIII, Pope Benedict V and some mid-11th-century popes.[1] The 2001 edition of the Annuario Pontificio introduced "almost 200 corrections to its existing biographies of the popes, from St Peter to John Paul II". The corrections concerned dates, especially in the first two centuries, birthplaces and the family name of one pope.[2]

The term pope (Latin: papa "father") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope). This title in English usage usually refers to the head of the Catholic Church. The Catholic pope uses various titles by tradition, including Summus Pontifex, Pontifex Maximus, and Servus servorum Dei. Each title has been added by unique historical events and unlike other papal prerogatives, is not incapable of modification.[3]

Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as number 154. Several changes were made to the list during the 20th century. Antipope Christopher was considered legitimate for a long time. Pope-elect Stephen was considered legitimate under the name Stephen II until the 1961 edition, when his name was erased. Although these changes are no longer controversial, a number of modern lists still include this "first Pope Stephen II". It is probable that this is because they are based on the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain.

A significant number of these popes have been recognized as saints, including 48 out of the first 50 consecutive popes, and others are in the sainthood process. Of the first 31 popes, 28 died as martyrs (see List of murdered popes).

Chronological list[usba | usba ang wikitext]

1st millennium[usba | usba ang wikitext]

1st century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

2nd century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | c.199 –
c. 200
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Natalius
Antipapa NATALIUS | Natalius
(Natal) |style="font-size:85%"| Rome, Roman EmpirePlantilya:Refn |style="font-size:85%"| – |style="font-size:85%"| Roman. In opposition to pope Zephyrinus. Later reconciled (see above). Plantilya:Pope list end

3rd century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 217 –
235
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | HippolytusGrav.JPG | St Hippolytus
Antipapa HIPPOLYTUS | Ippólytos
(Hippolyt) |style="font-size:85%"| c.170 AD Rome, Roman EmpirePlantilya:Refn |style="font-size:85%"| 47 / 65 |style="font-size:85%"| Greek Roman. In opposition to Pope Callistus I, Urban I and Pontian. Later reconciled with Pope Pontian (see above). Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | March 251 –
258
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Novatian
Antipapa NOVATIANUS | Novatianus
(Novatian) |style="font-size:85%"| c.200/20 AD Rome, Roman EmpirePlantilya:Refn |style="font-size:85%"| 31 (51) / 38 (58) |style="font-size:85%"| Roman. Founder of Novatianism. In opposition to Pope Cornelius, Lucius I, Stephen I and Sixtus II. Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

4th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 355 –
22 Nov 365
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Antipope Felix II.svg | St Felix II
Antipapa FELIX secundus | Felix |style="font-size:85%"| Rome, Roman Empire |style="font-size:85%"| – |style="font-size:85%"| Roman. In opposition to Pope Liberius. Installed by Roman Emperor Constantius II. Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 1 Oct 366 –
16 Nov 367
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Ursicinus
Antipapa URSICINUS | Ursinus
(or Ursicinus)
(Ursin or Ursicin) |style="font-size:85%"| Rome, Roman Empire |style="font-size:85%"| – |style="font-size:85%"| Roman. In opposition to Pope Damasus I. Banished to Gallia by the emperor Valentinian II after a war between two sects and died after 384. Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

5th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 27 Dec 418 –
3 April 419
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Eulalius
Antipapa EULALIUS | Eulalius
(Eulal) |style="font-size:85%"| c.380 AD Rome, Roman Empire |style="font-size:85%"| 38 / 39 (†42) |style="font-size:85%"| Roman. In opposition to Pope Boniface I. Elected on the eve of the election of Boniface, first benefited from the support of the emperor Honorius, but lost it quickly. Exiled in Campania, and died in 423. Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 22 Nov 498 –
Aug 506/8
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Laurence
Antipapa LAURENTIUS | Lauréntios
(Laurence) |style="font-size:85%"| c.460 AD Eastern Roman Empire |style="font-size:85%"| 38 / 46 (†48) |style="font-size:85%"| Greek. In opposition to Pope Symmachus. Elected on the same day as Symachus, King Theodoric settled in favor of his adversary. Took control of Rome in 501 and remained pope in fact until 506/08, year of his death. Plantilya:Pope list end

6th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 22 Sep 530 –
14 Oct 530
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Dioscore
Antipapa DIOSCORUS | Dióskoros
(Dioscore) |style="font-size:85%"| Alexandria, Aegyptus, Eastern Roman Empire |style="font-size:85%"| – |style="font-size:85%"| Greek. In opposition to Pope Boniface II. Candidate of the Byzantine party, elected by the majority of the cardinals and recognized by Constantinople, he died less than a month after his election. Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

7th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

8th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | (never consecrated) | 22 March 752 –
25 March 752
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".)
(Never took office as pope) | Pope Stephen (papacy 752-757).jpg | Pope-elect Stephen
(Stephen II)
Papa Electus STEPHANUS
(STEPHANUS Secundus)
| Stephanus
(Stephen) |style="font-size:85%"| c.700 Rome, Duchy of Rome
(formally Byzantine Empire) |style="font-size:85%"| 52 / 52 |style="font-size:85%"| Roman. Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election; never receiving episcopal consecration. Some lists still include him. The Vatican sanctioned his addition in the sixteenth century; removed in 1961. He is no longer considered a pope by the Catholic Church. Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

9th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

10th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | Oct 903 –
Jan. 904
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Cristobal antipapa.jpg | Christopher
Antipapa CHRISTOFORO | Cristoforo
(Christopher) | Rome, Papal StatesPlantilya:Refn | | Italian. In opposition to Pope Leo V and Pope Sergius III Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 6 Dec 963 –
26 Feb 964
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | 132-Leo VIII.jpg | Leo VIII
Antipapa LEO Octavus | Leone
(Leon) |style="font-size:85%"| c.915 Rome, Papal States |style="font-size:85%"| 48 / 49 |style="font-size:85%"| Italian. Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true pope after Benedict V was deposed. Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | July 974–
July 974
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Bonifacio 7 (cropped).jpg | Boniface VII
Antipapa BONFATIUS Septinus | Francone Ferucci
(Francon Ferucy) | Rome, Roman EmpirePlantilya:Refn | | Italian. In opposition to Pope Benedict VI and Pope Benedict VII Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 20 Aug 984–
20 July 985
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Bonifacio 7 (cropped).jpg | Boniface VII
Antipapa BONFATIUS Septinus | Francone Ferucci
(Francon Ferucy) | Rome, Roman EmpirePlantilya:Refn | | Italian. In opposition to Pope John XIV and Pope John XV

Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | April 997–
Feb 998
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Pope John XVI.jpg | John XVI
Antipapa IOANNES Sextus Decimus | Iōánnēs Philágathos
(John Philagath)
O.S.B. | ca. 941 Rossano, Calabria, Italy, Eastern Roman Empire | 55 / 56 (†60) | Greek. In opposition to Pope Gregory V Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

2nd millennium[usba | usba ang wikitext]

11th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 12 June 1012 –
31 December 1012
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Gregory VI
Antipapa GREGORIUS Sextus | Gregorio
(Gregory) | Rome, Papal States | | Italian. In opposition to Pope Benedict VIII, Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 4 April 1058 –
24 January 1059
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Benedict X-engraving.jpg | Benedict X
Antipapa BENEDICTUS Decimus | Giovanni Mincio di Tuscolo
(John Mince Tuscul) | Rome, Papal States | | Italian. In opposition to Pope Nicholas II, Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 30 September 1061
1072
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Honorius II
Antipapa HONORIUS Secundus | Pietro Candalus
(Peter Candal) | 1010 Verona, Holy Roman Empire | 61 / 72 | Italian. In opposition to Pope Alexander II Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 25 Jun 1080–
8 September 1100
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Clement III - Antipope.jpg | Clement III
Antipapa CLEMENS Tertius | Pietro Cadalus
(Peter Candal) | 1010 Verona, Holy Roman Empire | 61 / 72 | Italian. In opposition to Pope Gregory VII, Pope Victor III, Pope Urban II and Pope Paschal II Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 8 Sep 1100–
Jan. 1101
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Theodoric
Antipapa THEODORICUS | Teodorico
(Theodoric) | c. 1030 Rome, Papal States | 70 / 71 | Italian. In opposition to Pope Paschal II Plantilya:Pope list end

12th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | Jan 1101 –
Feb 1102
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Adalbert
Antipapa ADALBERTUS | Adalbert
O.S.B. | Rome, Papal States | | Roman Greek. In opposition to Pope Paschal II

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | – | 8 Nov 1105–
11 April 1111
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Sylvester IV
Antipapa SILVESTER quartus | Maguinulf | 1050 Rome, Papal States | 49 / 55 (†56) | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Paschal II

Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 10 Mar 1118–
20 April 1121
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Gregory VIII
Antipapa GREGORIUS octavus | Maurice Baurdain | France | | French. In Opposition to Pope Gelasius II and Pope Callixtus II Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 16 December 1124
16 Dec 1124
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Celestine II
Antipapa COELESTINUS secundus | Teobaldo Boccapecci | 1050 Rome, Papal States | 74 / 74 (†76) | French. In Opposition to Pope Honorius II Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 14 February 1130
25 Jan 1138
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Anacletus II
Antipapa ANACLETUS secundus | Pietro Pierleoni
O.S.B. | 1090 Rome, Papal States | 40 / 48 | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Innocent II

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 23 Mar 1138–
25 Mar 1138
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Victor IV
Antipapa VICTOR Quartus | Gregorio Conti | Rome, Papal States | | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Innocent II

Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 7 September 1159
20 Apr 1164
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Victor IV
Antipapa VICTOR Quartus | Ottaviano dei Crescenzi Ottaviabi di Monticelli | 1095 Rome, Papal States | 64 / 69 | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Alexander III

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 28 April 1164 –
22 Sep 1168
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Paschal III
Antipapa PASCALIS Tertius | Ottaviano dei Crescenzi Ottaviabi di Monticelli | 1110 Rome, Papal States | 54 / 58 | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Alexander III

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 30 September 1168 –
29 Aug 1178
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Callixtus III
Antipapa CALLIXTUS Tertius | Giovanni of Struma
O.S.B. | 1090 Rome, Papal States | 78 / 88 (†90) | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Alexander III

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 29 September 1179 –
Jan. 1180
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Tiara.png | Innocent III
Antipapa INNOCENTIUS Tertius | Lanzo (Lando) of Sezze | 1120 Sezze, Papal States | 59 / 60 (†63) | Italian. In Opposition to Pope Alexander III

Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

13th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

14th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 12 May 1328–
25 July 1330
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Antipope-Nicholas V.jpg | Nicholas V
Papa Nicolaus Quintus | Pietro Rainalducci,
O.F.M. | 1260 Corvaro, Papal States | 68 / 70 (†73) | Italian. In Opposition to John XXII Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
C o a Clemente VII (Avignone).svg | 20 September 1378 –
16 September 1394
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[". days) | Pape avignon clement7.jpg | Clement VII
Papa CLEMENS Septinus | Robert of Geneva | 1342 Chateau d'Annecy, County of Savoy, H.R.E. | 36 / 52 | French. In Opposition to Urban VI (1378–89) and Boniface IX (1389–1404)

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
C o a Benedetto XIII (Avignone).svg | 28 September 1394 –
23 May 1423
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[". days) | Benedict XIII Papa Luna.jpg | Benedict XIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus Decimus | Pedro Martínez de Luna y Pérez de Gotor | 25 November 1328 Chateau d'Annecy, County of Savoy, H.R.E. | 66 / 94 | French. In Opposition to Popes Boniface IX (1389–1404), Innocent VII (1404–06), Gregory XII (1406–15), Martin V (1417–31) and Pisan Antipopes Alexander V (1409–10) and John XXIII (1410–15) Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list end

15th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

  • Plantilya:Note label This pope resigned his office.
  • Plantilya:Note label The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.

Plantilya:Pope list begin Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
C o a Alexander V (antipapa).svg | 30 June 1409
3 May 1410
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Anti-pope Alexander V.jpg | Alexander V
Antipapa Alexandaer Quintus | Petros Philargos,
O.F.M. | 1339 Candia Lomellina, Lombardy, Duchy of Milan | 70 / 71 | Greek. Western Schism; In Opposition to Gregory XII considered a legitimate Pope until 1963 and is numbered as such to this day.

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
C o a Giovanni XXIII (Pisa).svg | 25 May 1410
30 May 1415
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Antipope John XXIII.jpg | John XXIII
Antipapa Ioannes Vicesimus Tertius | Baldassarre Cossa | 1365 Procida, Naples | 45 / 50 (†54) | Italian. Western Schism; In Opposition to Gregory XII, Abdicated, later Became The Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1417. Was considered a legitimate Pope until 1963. Convened Council of Constance.

Plantilya:Pope list item Plantilya:Pope list item |- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
| 12 November 1425 –
26 July 1429
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Palma Antipapa Clemens VIII.JPG | Clement VIII
Antipapa Clemens Octavus | Gil Sánchez Muñoz y Carbón | 1369 Teruel, Aragon | 54 / 60 (†77) | Italian. Western Schism; In Opposition to Martin V

|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#ccc;" | -
C o a Felix V (antipapa).svg | 5 November 1439
7 April 1449
(Plantilya:Age in years and days)
(Problema sa ekspresyon: Wa mailhi nga karakter "[".) | Nuremberg chronicles f 242v 2 (Felix V).jpg | Felix V
Antipapa Felix Quintus | Amadeus VIII of Savoy | 4 September 1383 Chambéry, France | 56 / 65 (†67) | French. In Opposition to Martin V and Eugene IV'

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16th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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17th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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18th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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19th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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20th century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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3rd millennium[usba | usba ang wikitext]

21st century[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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Notes[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Religious orders[usba | usba ang wikitext]

51 popes and 6 Antipopes have been members of religious orders, including 12 members of third orders. They are listed by order as follows:

Family Order Number Popes Total
Augustinians Order of Saint Augustine 1 Eugene IV 6
Canons Regular 4 Papa Honorio II, Innocent II, Lucius II, Papa Hadrian IV
Premonstratense 1 Gregory VIII
Benedictines Order of Saint Benedict 22 Gregory I, Boniface IV, Adeodatus II, Leo IV, John IX, Leo VII, John XVI, Sylvester II, Sergius IV, Stephen IX, Gregory VII, Victor III, Urban II, Paschal II, Adalbert, Gelasius II, Anacletus II, Callixtus III , Celestine V, Clement VI, Urban V, Pius VII 23
Camaldolese 1 Gregory XVI
Cistercians 2 Eugene III, Benedict XII 2
Dominicans 5 Innocent V, Benedict XI, Nicholas V, Pius V, Benedict XIII 5
Franciscans Order of Friars Minor 5 Nicholas IV, Nicholas V, Alexander V, Sixtus IV, Julius II 19
Order of Friars Minor Conventual 2 Sixtus V, Clement XIV
Secular Franciscan Order 12 Gregory IX, Gregory X, Martin V, Innocent XII, Clement XII, Pius IX, Leo XIII, Pius X, Benedict XV, Pius XI, Pius XII, John XXIII
Theatines 1 Paul IV 1
Jesuits 1 Francis 1

Notes on numbering of popes[usba | usba ang wikitext]

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356–357), Boniface VII (974, 984–985), John XVI (997–998), Benedict X (1058–1059) and Alexander V (1409–1410) are not listed because they are all considered antipopes.[4]
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II; however, most lists still call the last two Felixes: Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.[4]
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.[5]
  • Pope-elect Stephen, who died before being consecrated, has not been on the Vatican's official list of popes since 1961, but appears on lists dating from before 1960.[5] The numbering of following popes called Stephen are nowadays given as Pope Stephen II (752–757) to Pope Stephen IX (1057–1058), rather than Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, erroneously, Simon de Brion became Pope Martin IV.[6]
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name.
  • Pope Joan also never existed; however, legends about her may have originated from stories about the pornocracy.[7]
  • The status of Antipope John XXIII was uncertain for hundreds of years, and was finally settled in 1958 when Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli announced his own name as John XXIII. Baldassare Cossa, who was Antipope John XXIII, served as a Cardinal of the reunited church before his death in 1419 and his remains are found in the Florence Baptistery.
  • Those who believe in Sedevacantism say that there have been no legitimate popes since Pius XII or John XXIII. This is because they consider all popes since the Second Vatican Council to be heretics.[8][9]

See also[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Col-break

Lists[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Col-break

Related topics[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Plantilya:Col-end

References[usba | usba ang wikitext]

Specific[usba | usba ang wikitext]

General[usba | usba ang wikitext]

  • The Early Papacy: To the Synod of Chalcedon in 451, Adrian Fortescue, Ignatius Press, 2008.
  • The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, John N.D. Kelly, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • Catholicism, Henri de Lubac, Ignatius Press, 1988.
  • Rome and the Eastern Churches, Aidan Nichols, Ignatius Press, 2010.
  • I Papi. Venti secoli di storia, Pontificia Amministrazione della Patriarcale Basilica di San Paolo, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2002.
  • Rome Sweet Home, Scott Hahn, Ignatius Press, 1993.
  • Enciclopedia dei Papi, AA.VV., Istituto dell'Enciclopedia italiana, 2000.

External links[usba | usba ang wikitext]

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