Benito Mussolini

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Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini colored.jpg
Natawo 1883[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]
Predappio[19]ug Predappio[15]
Namatay 28 Abril 1945[1][3][20][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][15][16][17][18]
Giulino[21][15]
Gilubong Cripta Mussoliniug major cemetery of Milan
Nasyonalidad Italian Social Republicug Kingdom of Italy
Alma mater Université de Lausanne
Propesyon Journalist[16], teacher[22]ug politician[15][16][17]
Posisyon Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy (1921–1924)[23]
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy (1922–1943)
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Italy (1922–1924)
Minister of Interior of the Kingdom of Italy (1922–1924)
Minister of Air Force of the Kingdom of Italy (1923–1925)
Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy (1924–1929)[23]
Minister of Italian Africa of the Kingdom of Italy (1924–1924)
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Italy (1924–1929)
Minister of War of the Kingdom of Italy (1925–1926)
Minister of the Navy of the Kingdom of Italy (1925–1926)
Minister of Air Force of the Kingdom of Italy (1925–1926)
Minister of War of the Kingdom of Italy (1926–1929)
Minister of the Navy of the Kingdom of Italy (1926–1929)
Minister of Air Force of the Kingdom of Italy (1926–1929)
Minister of Corporations of the Kingdom of Italy (1926–1929)
Minister of Interior of the Kingdom of Italy (1926–1943)
Minister of Italian Africa of the Kingdom of Italy (1928–1929)
Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy (1929–1934)[23]
Minister of Public Works of the Kingdom of Italy (1929–1929)
Minister of Corporations of the Kingdom of Italy (1929–1936)
Minister of Public Works of the Kingdom of Italy (1930–1930)
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Italy (1932–1936)
Minister of War of the Kingdom of Italy (1933–1943)
Minister of Air Force of the Kingdom of Italy (1933–1943)
Minister of the Navy of the Kingdom of Italy (1933–1943)
Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy (1934–1939)[23]
Minister of Italian Africa of the Kingdom of Italy (1935–1943)
Minister of Public Works of the Kingdom of Italy (1935–1935)
First marshal of the empire (1938–1943)
National councillor to the Chamber of Fasci and Corporations (1939–1943)[23]
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Italy (1943–1943)
Foreign minister (1943–1945)
Prime minister (1943–1945)[24]
A´mo Avanti!
Partido sa politika Republican Fascist Party[1], National Fascist Party, Italian Socialist Partyug Fasci Italiani di Combattimento
Kapikas Ida Dalser[25]
Rachele Mussolini
(g. 1915–1945)
Partner Ida Dalser[26], Margherita Sarfatti[27]ug Clara Petacci[28]
Anak Edda Mussolini (f. 1910)
Benito Albino Dalser (f. 1915)
Vittorio Mussolini (f. 1916)
Bruno Mussolini (f. 1918)
Romano Mussolini (f. 1927)
Anna Maria Mussolini (f. 1929)
Ginikanan Alessandro Mussolini[29]
Rosa Maltoni[29]
Ganti Order of the White Eagle
Order of the White Lion
Order of the Golden Spur
Order of Lāčplēsis
Order of the Quetzal
Collar of the Imperial Order of the Red Arrows (1937)[30]
Order of the Most Holy Annunciation[19]
Military Order of Italy[19]
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus[19]
Knight grand cross of the order of the crown of Italy[19]
Colonial Order of the Star of Italy[19]
Sovereign Military Order of Malta[19]
Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre[19]
Order of the German Eagle[19]
Order of the Bath[19]
Cross of Liberty[19]
Order of Skanderbeg[19]
Order of the Roman Eagle[19]
Order of the Southern Cross[19]
Royal Order of the Seraphim[19]
Order of the Elephant[19]
Cross of Vytis[19]
Grand Collar of the Military Order of the Tower and Sword[19][31]
Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum[21][19]
Honorary doctor of the University of Lausanne (1937)
Grand Cross of the Military Order of the Tower and Sword[31]
Order of the Chrysanthemum[32]
Order of the Crown of Italy[25]
Order of the White Eagle[25]
Military Order of the Tower and Sword[25]
Goethe-Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft (1932)
Grand Cross of Naval Merit with white badge (1926)[33]
Victory Medal[34]
Order of the Star of Nepal[34]
Order of the Liberator[34]
National Order of Merit Carlos Manuel de Cespedes (1926)[34]
Order of Solomon[34]
Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius[34]
Pirma Benito Mussolini Signature.svg
Mussolini biografia.jpg

Si Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini usa ka Italyanong politiko ug journalist kinsa maoy nangulo sa Nasyonal Partido Fascista (Partito Nazionale Fascista). Nagdumala siya sa Italya isip Punong Ministro gikan sa 1922 hangtod sa 1943 - konstitusyonal hangtod sa 1925, sa dihang gibiyaan niya ang pagpakaaron-ingnon sa demokrasya ug gitukod ang diktador.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 moabut gikan sa: English Wikipedia
  2. Integrated Authority File, läst: 9 Abril 2014, copyright license: CC0
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF authorities : اوپن ڈیٹا پلیٹ فارم, pagbasa sa online, läst: 10 Oktubre 2015, copyright license: Open License
  4. 4.0 4.1 SNAC, SNAC ARK ID: w66d5sm9named as: [ Benito Mussolini], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  5. 5.0 5.1 Find a Grave, Find A Grave memorial ID: 11638named as: [ Benito Mussolini], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  6. 6.0 6.1 filmportal.de, named as: [ Benito Mussolini]Filmportal ID: fbac0120734b4d40a7d2e5f8b519e3e0, läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  7. 7.0 7.1 Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, named as: [ Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini], pagbasa sa online, läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  8. 8.0 8.1 Store norske leksikon, 1978, Store norske leksikon ID: Benito_MussoliniStore_norske_leksikonnamed as: [ Benito Mussolini]
  9. 9.0 9.1 TracesOfWar, TracesOfWar person ID: 67953named as: [ Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini]
  10. 10.0 10.1 Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID: 00451200030866named as: [ Benito Mussolini]
  11. 11.0 11.1 GeneaStar, GeneaStar person ID: mussolinibnamed as: [ Benito Mussolini]
  12. 12.0 12.1 Roglo, Roglo person ID: p=benito;n=mussolini;oc=1named as: [ Benito Mussolini]
  13. 13.0 13.1 Babelio, Babelio author ID: 120219named as: [ Benito Mussolini]
  14. Dalibor Brozović & Tomislav Ladan, Hrvatska enciklopedija, Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute, 1999, ISBN 978-953-6036-31-8, Hrvatska enciklopedija ID: 42561named as: [ Benito Mussolini]
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Archivio Storico Ricordi, Archivio Storico Ricordi person ID: 12642, läst: 3 Disyembre 2020
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 BeWeB, BeWeb person ID: 1116, läst: 14 Pebrero 2021
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 The Fine Art Archive, abART person ID: 86376, pagbasa sa online, läst: 1 Abril 2021
  18. 18.0 18.1 Munzinger Personen, Munzinger person ID: 00000000187named as: [ Benito Mussolini], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  19. 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 19.12 19.13 19.14 19.15 19.16 19.17 19.18 moabut gikan sa: Russian Wikipedia
  20. Integrated Authority File, GND ID: 1185859677749153-1, läst: 17 Oktubre 2015, copyright license: CC0
  21. 21.0 21.1 moabut gikan sa: German Wikipedia
  22. storia.camera.it, Chamber of Deputies of Italy storia ID: benito-mussolini-18830729, läst: 2 Hulyo 2021
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 pagbasa sa online, läst: 7 Mayo 2019,
  24. moabut gikan sa: Lombard Wikipedia
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 moabut gikan sa: Russian Wikipedia
  26. moabut gikan sa: Italian Wikipedia
  27. pagbasa sa online,
  28. pagbasa sa online,
  29. 29.0 29.1 moabut gikan sa: Spanish Wikipedia
  30. pagbasa sa online, läst: 13 Agosto 2017,
  31. 31.0 31.1 pagbasa sa online,
  32. moabut gikan sa: Russian Wikipedia
  33. BOE ID: BOE-A-1926-9502
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 34.5 moabut gikan sa: Russian Wikipedia