Itriyo

Gikan sa Wikipedia, ang gawasnong ensiklopedya
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Yttrium
39Y
Sc

Y

Lu
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
strontiumyttriumzirconium
Panagway
silvery white
Kinatibuk-ang mga kinaiya
Ngalan, simbolo, kaiphan yttrium, Y, 39
Paglitok /ˈɪtriəm/ [[Help:Pronunciation respelling key|Plantilya:Smallcaps all-ree-əm]]
Kategoriyang elemento puthaw nga transisyon
Group, period, block 35, d
Gibug-aton sa atomo 88.90585
Kontorno sa elektron [Kr] 4d1 5s2
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Electron shells of yttrium (2, 8, 18, 9, 2)
History
Pagkadiskobre Johan Gadolin (1794)
First isolation Carl Gustav Mosander (1840)
Physical properties
Phase magahi
Density (near r.t.) 4.472 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 4.24 g·cm−3
Melting point 1799 K, 1526 °C, 2779 °F
Boiling point 3609 K, 3336 °C, 6037 °F
Heat of fusion 11.42 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 365 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 26.53 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1883 2075 (2320) (2627) (3036) (3607)
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 3, 2, 1 (weakly basic oxide)
Electronegativity 1.22 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 600 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1180 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 1980 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 180 pm
Covalent radius 190±7 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure hexagonal
Yttrium has a hexagonal crystal structure
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[1]
Electrical resistivity (r.t.) (α, poly) 596 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 17.2 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (r.t.) (α, poly)
10.6 µm/(m·K)
Speed of sound (thin rod) (20 °C) 3300 m·s−1
Young's modulus 63.5 GPa
Shear modulus 25.6 GPa
Bulk modulus 41.2 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.243
Brinell hardness 589 MPa
CAS registry number 7440-65-5
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of yttrium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
87Y syn 3.35 d ε - 87Sr
γ 0.48, 0.38D -
88Y syn 106.6 d ε - 88Sr
γ 1.83, 0.89 -
89Y 100% 89Y is stable with 50 neutrons
90Y syn 2.67 d β 2.28 90Zr
γ 2.18 -
91Y syn 58.5 d β 1.54 91Zr
γ 1.20 -
· r

Ang itriyo (Iningles yttrium) mao ang elementong kimiko sa talaang peryodiko nga may simbolo nga Y ug kaiphan nga atomik 39. Ang itriyo mao ang puthaw nga transisyon.

Ang mga gi basihan niini[usba | usba ang wikitext]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.


Galeriya sa hulagway[usba | usba ang wikitext]